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Statistics :
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3722 Videos
Lexic : H

The HKFA (香港電影資料館) is located at 50 Lei King Road, Sai Wan Ho, Hong Kong.

It was opened to the public in January 2001 after more than seven years of preparation.

The HKFA aims to acquire, conserve and catalogue Hong Kong films and related materials. It also provides film and related information, materials, facilities and enquiries services for film industry, interested parties and researchers. The HKFA organizes retrospectives, exhibitions, and seminars, and research and releases publications on the history of Hong Kong cinema.

The HKFA also edits books, such as the Hong Kong Filmography and Monographs of Hong Kong Film Veterans series.

Donation can be made following this link: http://www.lcsd.gov.hk/CE/CulturalService/HKFA/english/archivefct6a.html

Source: The HKFA website

Le Hong Kong International Film Festival, is one of the year's major events in Hong Kong cinema.
Hong Kong International Film Festival now operates as the Hong Kong International Film Festival Society Limited ~ a non-profit making, arts organization. Apart from the flagship event HKIFF each year, the Society is also committed to organize regular film cultural activities including screenings and lecture demonstrations starting from July, 2004.
See the interview with Curator Freddie Wong

Korean martial art founded by Ji Han Jae in 1959.

Hap = Union, Ki = physical and mental Energy, Do = the Way. To simplify, Hapkido is a synthesis of Tae Kwon Do (formerly Tae Kyon) regarding leg techniques and of Aikido concerning holds and falls. Hapkido is an influent martial art in Korea, Ji Han Jae having taught the Korean president's bodyguards but also the army and the police. Hong Kong cinema takes an interest in it in the early 70s after the visit in Hong Kong of a demonstration team led by Ji Han Jae which included Wong In Sik.

Hongkongese stars like Angela Mao, Sammo Hung, Yuen Biao or even Bruce Lee would initiate themselves into it and integrate it in their films. That's how the aptly-named Hapkido by Wong Fung is created in which numerous masters of the discipline, among whom Ji Han Jae, play. The latter will also fight against Bruce Lee in The Game of Death.

Afterwards, Hapkido will be diluted in Hong Kong Kung Fu films (a brilliant demonstration of this style can be seen at the end of The Young Master by Wong Ing Sik) and is nowadays part of the martial arts included in the statutory equipment of any competent action choreographer.

Heroic Bloodshed
Term used by Anglo-Saxon fans among whom the British journalist Rick Baker to designate gunfights films which use guns instead of hands and kung fu's traditional weapons. This name was coined after John Woo's explosive films which have stirred up the genre.

The Hong Kong Movie Database, is the reference database on the internet about the films and filmographies of those who make Hong Kong cinema.

Link : http://www.hkmdb.com

Hua Mu-Lan
Woman general who would have lived under the North Wei dynasty (386-534). Disguised as a man, she enrolled in the army instead of her father, to combat the Huns and their famous king, Tuli Khan. All the Chinese schoolchildren learn very early an ancient poem telling the adventures of this young Chinese girl. Today, one still doesn't know if Hua Mu-Lan really existed.

The animated cartoon Mulan by Barry Cook and Tony Bancroft for the Disney studios remains one of the most famous adaptations even if many liberties were taken compared to the original story. However, the characters' design by the Taiwanese Chen Yi-Chang brings an authenticity and aesthetic refinement.

There are older adaptations like Li Ping-Qian's in 1927 and Bu Wancang's in 1939. In 2004, Peter Pau presents his version with Michelle Yeoh as Mu-Lan and with Chow Yun Fat.

Source : "Hua Mulan, femme générale de la Chine antique" Ed : You-Feng Libraire éditeur

Huangmei Diao
“Huangmei diao” is a Chinese film genre. It stems from the Huangmei operas (or huangmei xi) originating from the Hubei province in China. The genre appeared in China in the 1950s under the Communist ruling. It was imported in Hong Kong in the mid-1950s, where it became immensely popular.

Hung Ga Ban
Team of stuntmen/choreographers set up by Sammo Hung.

See Hung Ga Ban in the database.

Hung Gar
As an emblematic martial art from Southern China, it was inevitable that Hung Gar (also known as Hung Kuen, fist from the Hung family in English) had a big influence on Hong Kong entertainment cinema.

Like many Chinese martial arts, the origin of Hung Gar is the Shaolin Temple and the Bodhidharma himself who taught the monks health and self-defence exercises. Those teachings will be gradually improved, giving birth to the 5 great animal Kung Fu categories: Dragon, Tiger, Panther, Snake and Crane.

With the seizure of power by the Manchus in the 17th century, numerous secret societies appear to fight against the new regime. Some of them hide in the monastery of South Shaolin (one doesn't know if there were more than one). When the Manchurian government discovers it, they raze the sacred place. Gee Sum Sim See, a monk who was an expert in Tiger boxing, escapes from the tragic event and travels the province to teach his art to the resistants. Among his scholars, there is Hung Hei Guan. Always willing to progress more, he goes and learns the other animal styles as well as the 5 elements boxing. By combining all these techniques, he creates the Hung style, Hung Gar. This new Kung Fu with low positions and powerful blocks will soon become one of the most popular styles in Southern China.

Among the new system's heirs, there are the Triads (not yet changed to their criminal forms), the heaven and earth clan and, a bit later, Wong Fei Hung. One of the ten tigers of the South, Wong will popularize even more Hung Gar. Among his disciples there is Lam Sai Wing who will in turn teach Lau Cham. The latter will contribute to the adaptation of Hung Gar for the cinema by working on the Wong Fei Hung series with Kwan Tak Hing. Then, his children ( Kar Leung, Lau Kar Wing and Lau Kar Yung) will reinforce even more this martial art's influence throughout their works and choreographies. Among the films which best show the technique of Hung Gar, there are the Shaolin films series by Chang Cheh (choreographed by Kar Leung) like Heroes Two but this Kung Fu is anyway always present (more or less padded out) in each of the Lau family's films.

Among the others practising Hung Gar who have worked in Hongkongese cinema, one can eventually name Mark Houghton.

Link : http://perso.club-internet.fr/lkris/kfhghist.htm

Arnaud Lanuque

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